Generally speaking, the Sportwetten Vergleich Recommendations to national courts and tribunals in relation to the initiation of preliminary ruling proceedings (mentioned above) should be taken into account. It is helpful to include the following elements, or an exposition of such elements, in the judgment or order: l’objet du litige the relevant established facts; the applicable national law; the parties‘ positions; the reasons why the court is submitting the question to the Court of Justice; where appropriate, the court’s own opinion on the issue of Community law raised; the specific question(s) in the operative part. In addition, the file of the case must be sent on to the Sportwetten Bonus Court of Justice together with the order for reference. See the Recommendations to national courts and tribunals in relation to the initiation of preliminary ruling proceedings, mentioned above. In this case, refer to paras. 20-24 and 29 of the recommendations mentioned above.